Blueberries are being grown in more and more different States across the United States. They are a hardy bush and can tolerate a good range of temperatures and climates due to the many different cultivars now available. I thought it would be good to list the picking and growing seasons State by State. So here goes:
Summer months are the harvest season for blueberries, which grow very well throughout the United States. Harvest time for blueberries, is from March to September depending on what State you are in. Florida has the earliest harvest beginning late March and Maine and Idaho the latest harvest ending in late September.
Since there are also many different varieties of Blueberries that have different harvest times, by growing a few different cultivars, you can have fresh blueberries throughout most of the year.
Here is a complete list of States in alphabetical order below with the general harvest time for Blueberries. Be sure to read on as we also consider a few highlights from some of the States blueberry harvesting and growing season.
|Alabama||Middle May – Early July|
|Alaska||Late August – Late September|
|Arizona||June – July|
|Arkansas||June – August|
|California||Mid May – Late July|
|Colorado||Early June – Late July|
|Connecticut||Early July – Mid October|
|Delaware||Mid June – August|
|Florida||Late March – Late May|
|Georgia||June – August|
|Hawaii||Can Grow and Flower All Year Round|
|Idaho||Mid July – Late August|
|Illinois||July – August|
|Indiana||June – August|
|Iowa||Mid June – Mid September|
|Kansas||June – July|
|Kentucky||Early June – Early August|
|Louisiana||May – Mid July|
|Maine||Late July – Early September|
|Maryland||Late June – Early August|
|Massachusetts||Mid July – Late August|
|Michigan||July – Mid August|
|Minnesota||July – Mid August|
|Mississippi||May – August|
|Missouri||Early June – Early October|
|Montana||Late July – End of August|
|Nebraska||Late July – End of August|
|Nevada||Late July – End of August|
|New Hampshire||July – September|
|New Jersey||Mid June – Mid August|
|New Mexico||June – Mid July|
|New York||Mid June – Early September|
|North Carolina||Late June – Early August|
|North Dakota||Mid July – August|
|Ohio||Mid June – End of August|
|Oklahoma||Early June – Late July|
|Oregon||Mid June – Late September|
|Pennsylvania||Late July – Late September|
|Rhode Island||Early July – Mid October|
|South Carolina||Early June – Mid August|
|South Dakota||Mid July – End of August|
|Tennessee||Mid June – Mid August|
|Texas||May – July|
|Utah||Mid July – End of August|
|Vermont||Mid July – Late August|
|Virginia||June – August|
|Washington||Late June – September|
|West Virginia||Mid July – End of August|
|Wisconsin||Early July – Mid August|
|Wyoming||Mid July – Early September|
As you can see from the table above, blueberry season generally runs from late March through to late September or early October in the United States. Florida has the earliest crop with Connecticut, Missouri and Rhode Island having the latest crops in October.
We thought it would be helpful to distinguish the best varieties to grow by State, as certain varieties are better suited to certain temperature zones. We list the best varieties in order of preference. For example in Alabama the best variety would be Rabbiteye then Northern Highbush and Southern Highbush. The data is gathered from University, Agriculture and Government websites. Take a look at the references for further varieties and planting information in each State.
|State||Best Blueberry Varieties To Grow|
|Alabama||Rabbiteye, Northern Highbush, Southern Highbush |
|Alaska||HighBush – Northblue, Northsky |
|Arizona||Southmoon, Sharpblue, Sunshine Blue |
|Arkansas||Northern Highbush, Rabbiteye |
|California||Southern Highbush |
|Colorado||Bluegold, Polaris |
|Connecticut||Highbush – Bluegold, Ivanhoe |
|Delaware||Bluecrop, Lenoir, Nelson |
|Florida||Rabbiteye, Southern Highbush |
|Hawaii||Misty, Sharpblue, Sunshine Blue |
|Idaho||Patriot, Blueray, Nelson |
|Illinois||Collins, Patriot, Bluejay, Bluecrop |
|Indiana||Northern Highbush – Bluecrop|
|Iowa||Patriot, Blueray, Bluecrop, Rubel |
|Kentucky||Ozarkblue, Sierra, Nelson, Darrow |
|Louisiana||Rabbiteyes – Climax, Tifblue, Brightwell, Premier|
|Maine||Patriot, Northland, Blueray |
|Maryland||Bluetta, Duke, Earliblue, Spartan, Patriot |
|Massachusetts||Bluejay, Duke, Patriot and Spartan |
|Michigan||Bluecrop, Jersey, Elliott, Duke, Rubel, Bluejay |
|Minnesota||Chippewa, Northblue, Northland |
|Mississippi||Rabbiteye – Baldwin, Southern Highbush – O’Neal |
|Missouri||Bluejay, Blueray |
|Montana||Northland, Patriot |
|Nebraska||Blueray, Bluecrop, Patriot |
|Nevada||Blueray, Patriot, Bluecrop|
|New Hampshire||Blueray, Bluecrop, Patriot, Earliblue, Jersey, Meader |
|New Jersey||Bluetta, Blueray, Patriot |
|New Mexico||Northern Highbush, Southern Highbush|
|North Carolina||Climax, Columbus, Powderblue |
|North Dakota||Canadian haskaps* |
|Ohio||Highbush – Bluecrop, Bluejay |
|Oklahoma||Highbush, Rabbiteye, Southern Highbush |
|Oregon||Northern Highbush, Half-High, Rabbiteye |
|Pennsylvania||Bluetta, Bluejay, Spartan, Patriot |
|Rhode Island||Earliblue, Blueray, Lateblue|
|South Carolina||Rabbiteye, Southern highbush, Northern highbush |
|Tennessee||Rabbiteye – Climax, Highbush – Blueray, Bluecrop |
|Texas||Rabbiteye – Climax, Powderblue |
|Utah||Halfhigh – Northblue, Highbush – Blueray |
|Vermont||Northern Highbush, Lowbush |
|Virginia||Lowbush, Highbush, Rabbiteye|
|Washington||Northern Highbush, Southern Highbush, Rabbiteye|
|West Virginia||Northern Highbush – Spartan, Bluecrop, Jersey |
|Wisconsin||Half High – Northblue, Northsky |
|Wyoming||Honeycrisp, Haralson, McIntosh|
When selecting a good blueberry bush to plant make sure you get one from a reputable nursery or reputable online store. Try to find a bush at least 1 to 3 years old, with preference on 3 years as they will produce fruit more quickly and take less time to get established. Sometimes you may notice that your blueberry bush leaves have a red or purple colour. You will need to fix this by following the steps in this article: Why Are My Blueberry Leaves Turning Red?
You will also need to make sure you have two different varieties as blueberry bushes require cross pollination and even those varieties that don’t require cross pollination produce better crops if they are cross pollinated. For all the details on how to plant blueberry bushes please check out our article: How To Plant Blueberry Bushes.
We thought it would be helpful to look at a few of the more interesting growing and harvesting blueberry season tips from a few of the States.
Florida Blueberry Season
If you are wanting to grow blueberries in Florida then two types grow well. There is the rabbiteye and southern highbush. Rabbiteye do well in Northern Florida, however, if you are in South Florida then you should plant the Southern highbush.
Florida is the first State to see the blueberry season begin, with the season running for 6 to 8 weeks. In fact, such a lot of fruit trees do well in Florida, you might like to check out our article: Best Fruit Trees To Grow In Florida to get a few more ideas on what fruit trees to plant.
Maine Blueberry Season
Blueberries that are very hardy and that ripen early are best suited to Maine’s short growing season and cold winter temperatures. Always plant more than one variety, such as the Patriot and Bluecrop variety as cross-pollination among different varieties will improve fruit numbers and fruit size. You will also lengthen the harvest season as the two different varieties will ripen at different times.
California Blueberry Season
The bluecrop blueberry variety is a very good producer starting in late May in San Jose. This fruit has a good flavour with medium sized fruit. It is of the Northern Highbush variety so performs well in California.
If you are looking for a blueberry with high chill hours and a crisp texture with excellent flavour, then the Reveille blueberry is sure to please. It is a Southern Highbush variety requiring 500 chill hours for the fruit to set. It is easy to grow in both hot or cool climates and has an early season.
Colorado Blueberry Season
Colorado has high pH soils making it hard to grow blueberries in the ground. However, they do very well grown in pots. The best potting mix to use to get a good pH range of 4.2 to 5.0 pH that blueberries thrive in would be a mix of 40% shredded coconut husk (coir), 40% peat and 20% perlite.
The varieties grown are mostly half-high blueberries. These are bred to have a sweet berry like the highbush and to be hardy like the lowbush varieties.
Connecticut Blueberry Season
In Connecticut it is preferred that blueberry planting is done during late fall, however, a March timing is also acceptable for planting.
Earliblue has a very early season, whereas Bluecrop has a mid season and Elliott has a very late season. Growing three varieties such as these not only improves berry production and fruit setting but will also extend the blueberry season for longer due to the different times the fruits ripen.
Blueberries are almost impossible to grow in North Dakota due to the alkaline soils and harsh cold winters. You can however grow other fruits, such as the Canadian haskaps, which taste and look like a blueberry.
Haskaps taste is described as delicious and has been likened to a blueberry with an essence of raspberry. Its texture is similar to that of a blueberry.
Haskaps are harvested in late June or early July.
 Alabama A&M And Auburn Universities: Commercial Blueberry Production Guide for Alabama
 United States Department of Agriculture: Blueberry Trials on Alaska’s Kenai Peninsula
 Garden Guides: How to Plant Blueberries in Montana
 University of Arkansas: Blueberry Production in Arkansas
 University of California: Blueberry Varieties
 Colorado State University: Blueberries in Pots
 New Jersey Agricultural Expermient Station: Selecting Blueberry Varieties for the Home Garden
 University of Delaware: Choosing Blueberry Varieties For Delmarva
 University of Florida: Blueberries
 University of Georgia: Home Garden Blueberries
 College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources University of Hawaii: Growing Blueberries for Home Production in Hawaii
 University of Idaho: Growing Blueberries
 University of Illinois: Small Fruit Crops For The Backyard
 Iowa State University: Which Blueberry Varieties Perform Well In Iowa
 University of Kentucky: Growing Highbush Blueberries In Kentucky
 University of Maine: Growing Highbush Blueberries
 University of Maryland: Selecting Varieties, Planting, and Growing Blueberries
 Massachusetts Cultivated Blueberry Growers Association: Growing Blueberries
 Michigan State University: Blueberry Varieties for Michigan
 University Of Minnesota: Growing Blueberries In The Home Garden
 Mississippi State University: What Varieties of Blueberries Should Be Grown?
 Missouri State: Growing Blueberries in Missouri
 Montana State University: Berry Production in Montana – Varieties and Markets
 New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station: Selecting Blueberry Varieties for the Home Garden
 University of New Hampshire: Which Blueberry Varieties Should I Plant In My Backyard?
 North Carolina State University: How Do I Grow Blueberries?
* North Dakota State University: “Blueberries” For North Dakota
 Ohio State University Extension: Growing Blueberries in the Home Garden
 Oklahoma State University: Blueberry Production for the Home Garden
 Oregon State University: Growing Blueberries in Your Home Garden
 Pennsylvania State University: Blueberry Variety Selection in the Home Fruit Planting
 Clemson Cooperative Extension Home & Garden Information Center: Blueberry
 The University of Tennessee: Blueberries in Home Gardens
 Texas A&M University: Blueberries
 Utah State University: Blueberries in Utah? Difficult, But Maybe Not Impossible
 University of Vermont: Basics Of Growing Blueberries
 West Viginia University: Growing Blueberries For Beginners
 University of Wisconsin: Growing Blueberries In Containers
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